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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 78-80

Pasteurella multocida meningitis following mastoidectomy: A case report and literature review


Department of Medicine, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Jamir Pitton Rissardo
Department of Medicine, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS
Brazil
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/IJAMR.IJAMR_35_18

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Pasteurella multocida (PM) is part of the normal nasopharyngeal flora of many animals. The most common PM infections occur in soft tissue, secondary to animal contact. Meningitis is rarely associated. An adult female developed chronic right-sided otorrhea and tympanic membrane perforation. Elective mastoidectomy was performed. On the postoperative day 2, the patient experienced a decreased level of consciousness, headache, nausea, and seizures. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis revealed low glucose, high protein, and high cellularity. Blood tests were within normal limits, except for high leukocyte count. Two days after the neurological manifestations, bacteria, identified as PM, grew in the aerobic cultures of CSF and preoperative ear swab. The isolate was sensitive to penicillins. She was started on intravenous penicillin G. The patient had a full recovery. On further questioning, she admitted having a dog, which licks on her face frequently.


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